Immobilization of joints.
Bandage on the joints ( shoulder, elbow , knee , ankle ) provides temporary immobilization. Superimposed when damaged ligaments, subluxation . Begins with a circular bandage , followed by intersecting tours , interspersed with circular located distal or proximal to the first circular tours.
Bandage on the area of ​​the neck and the back surface of the body :
moves in a circular bandage around his head is strengthened , then above and behind the left ear goes down on the right side of the neck , neck bypasses the front and up the back of the neck up to his right ear . Beating his head in front, passes bandage over his left ear , and goes diagonally down , repeating the previous moves. Bandage around the head is fixed .
Bandaging chest
- Describes eight bandage around the shoulder joints and intersecting tours are arranged according to the localization of damage on the front or back of the chest .
creeping Headband
Soft bandage is preliminary because it is carried before application of spiral or other dressings . Used for fixation of large stretches of dressing. Bandaging begins with a circular bandage in the wrist or ankle , then held without helically overlapping stages. Between individual tours should be a clear space equal to approximately the width of the bandage .
sling bandage
Bandage strips of cloth or a piece of bandage , put on the face , especially the nose. Length dressings should be half the circumference of the head. Both ends of the dressing incised longitudinally at a distance. Uncut part superimposed on the damaged area , cut the ends overlapped , with lower rise above the ears and tied at the back , and the upper - fall below and fastened at the neck .
spiral bandage
Bandage in which each previous round bandage covers only partially. Used to close large wounds on the trunk and extremities. Begins with a circular bandage above or below the injury.
circular bandage
A simple bandage . When the bandages moves ( tours ) bandage completely cover each other. Used for bandaging a small area of the body , usually the neck, shoulder , wrist, can be applied to the eye, ear , head.
Turtle Headband
Bandage , applied to the joints to prevent compression of neurovascular trunk. Often converging and diverging .
converging Headband
Converging bandage begins with circular tours above and below the joint, tours overlap in the popliteal fossa . Subsequent tours closer to each other and to the convex side of the joint, until you close the whole area.
divergent Headband
Divergent bandage around the knee joint begins with circular moves directly through the joint area . Then they make the same tours above and below the previous one. Moves are crossed in the popliteal fossa , and the anterior surface of the joint, where the two sides differ in the first round, the most closed joint area .
pulling bandages
Providing a combination of tension and partial immobilization. Basically fixed position adjacent joints.
plaster splints
Strips of bandage of a certain size , consisting of 6 - 10 layers of plaster bandage. After soaking them in warm water to smooth the weight or desk. Then splint applied to a limb is modeled on the surface of the affected area . After hardening fixed circular tours gauze bandage . Splint should cover the entire circumference of the injured limb .
rigid dressings
rigid dressings
- A basis of plaster bandages for medical immobilization.
Plaster bandages may be prepared ( cooked in the factory ) or be made directly to hospitals. Bandage should be no longer than 2.5-3 m After soaking in warm water smooth plaster bandage on weight or on the table , then applied to a limb is modeled on the surface of the affected area .
In the manufacture of plaster bandages in hospitals spend knurled manual method : put on a flat table oilcloth or smooth synthetic material . Plaster is poured into a flat tray. Nurse or nurse wearing simple cloth gloves and gauze mask. On a table covered with a thin layer of plaster . Top left hand part of the rolled bandage , poured on a layer of plaster, rubbed his hand in bandage . Thus prepared bandage loosely rolled and stored in a dry place .
Wrap a bandage
This group includes all the bandages in direct contact with the wound . With wound surfaces are coated , the surgical wound or other damage on the surface of the body.
Kleolovaya Headband
Kleolovaya Headband
consists of a sticker fixed to the skin using kleola . When applying this bandage should be monitored carefully wound treatment , the imposition of necessary dressing , its complete fixation to the skin using adhesive kleola . Edge dressings , non-adherent to the skin, cut off with scissors. Kleolovaya bandage should not constrict and irritate the skin.
- A kind of bandage vosmiobraznoy , differing from it in the direction of the bandage chiasm where previous tours cover not completely and go above or below them .
Properly executed bandage reminds ear . This bandage is applied to the area of the hip and shoulder joints , shoulder girdle and in other remote areas.
contour Headband
contour Headband
- Headband is performed in special factory - cotton gauze rolls or blanks .
Cut out the shape contour of the damaged parts of the body and fixed sewn stripes. Most often used for burns, allows you to quickly and easily close the wound surface .
Correction dressings
This type of dressing is designed to create a pressure or tension on the particular body part to change its position or comparison of broken bones and fixing their positions relative to each other. Made of hard materials or fast setting . An example is a corrective patch for the treatment of scoliosis.
triangular bandage
Triangular bandage is made of a piece of such material , which can be folded to form triangles. Used for first aid , mainly for hanging hand. Mid gussets placed on the forearm, bent at the elbow at a right angle . Base headscarves should be located on the midline of the body , the tip directed towards the elbow between the torso and hand , the ends tied at the neck . Tip crushes and pin pinned to the front of the dressing. Standard scarf has dimensions of 135 X 100 X 100 cm
cohesive bandage
Cohesive bandage is a narrow strip of adhesive tape superimposed over the dressing. Applied in the order of first aid on incision wound its complete closure , with bandage should not pull the fabric , as it can lead to circulatory problems , increased pain . To seal the wound , even small , without gauze pads can not be because in such cases the scab is formed and may develop festering.
- Bandages , using special adhesives.
Used to close the wound clean , more postoperative , small pockets of pus , boils . Initially applied to the treated wound cotton-gauze pad , and then it is covered with gauze and fixed to the skin adhesive composition . Most convenient to use stickers in the trunk , neck and face .
Fixed Immobilizing bandages
( dressing )
(tires ) .
This type of dressing is used for fixing the body parts in a specific position. Made of fast-hardening materials ( plaster, starch ) or a combination of soft and hard materials
Stretcher vacuum immobilization
Used in fractures of the spine , pelvis , severe multiple trauma . Are double sealed cover, which fits the victim , then laced mattress . Sucked the air out of the case with vacuum suction vacuum of 500 mm Hg. Art. After 8 minutes a stretcher must acquire rigidity through rapprochement and clutch Styrofoam pellets , which is filled with a mattress on the ° / volume. Desired position in the patient subsequently attached venting .
Pneumatic tires
Pneumatic tires are sealed double layer cover with zipper . Cover fits over the limb, zipper fastened , and the air is pumped through the tube to make the tire stiffness. To remove the tire from it deflates and unzips . Used to immobilize the wrist , forearm , elbow , foot, shin , knee.